Connected Enterprise for Smart Manufacturing
The manufacturing sector has played a significant role in the growth of the Indian economy, contributing nearly 15 per cent to the country’s GDP over the last few years. Sensing that competitiveness of India’s manufacturing sector is critical for sustaining the growth of the Indian economy, the Government has announced the National Manufacturing Policy which targets at raising the manufacturing share in GDP to 25 per cent by 2022, from the current level of 15 per cent. The Indian automation industry is undergoing an unprecedented evolution with manufacturing processes or plant floors being seamlessly connected to business systems
Worldover, dramatic changes are taking place in Manufacturing where the future lies in combining the industrial world with sophisticated software around the four building blocks – Human, Machine, Product, and Environment, all collaborating within a communication platform to enable Smart Factories. Industrial Automation, the backbone of any modern manufacturing plant, is now getting integrated with considerable shift to intelligence at the machine level embracing the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) where the virtual world of IT, the physical world of machines and the Internet are becoming one. The revolutionary concept of Industrial Internet of things (IIoT) initiated in the USA and Industry 4.0 in Europe for the manufacturing industry where the Cyber Physical System is used to realize an optimal and flexible manufacturing is gaining a lot of momentum with technology today extending not only to devices within the industrial plant but beyond. Embracing newer and faster technologies with Open Connectivity, Unlimited Storage and Agile Applications, manufacturing devices are seamlessly integrating into any standard Data base or Device to provide both intelligent information for monitoring and control.
Information Driven Manufacturing will be largely influenced by SMAC (Social technology for sharing of information both externally and internally), Mobility where information is available to supervisors right in their hands, Big Data for intelligent Analytics, and Cloud where applications are run and Data stored through online services that are hosted offsite. The increasing trend of Control devices connecting directly to the internet raises serious concerns of cyber attacks that could have disastrous consequences on manufacturing. Efforts to share the awareness, identify vulnerable points of attack and respond effectively to create a more robust, secure and resilient environment are under way.
In short, as we move into Smart Manufacturing, the industry will be confronted with a number of challenges within and outside direct manufacturing that will compel them to re-design processes and systems for better and efficient manufacturing to cater to the needs of the demanding customer.